Bas-Congo Programme

Bee farming livelihood
© Janetmolisa


WWF’s work in the Luki Biosphere Reserve in the Bas-Congo Province, in the far southwest of DRC, has highlighted the links between conserving natural resources and improving the living conditions of the people around the reserve. 

Due to its large population and close economic ties with Kinshasa, Bas-Congo is one of the provinces where human impact on the natural environment is highest. Reconciling development objectives and the protection of natural resources is crucial and urgent.

Our work in Luki suggests that local people are not a problem or an obstacle to conservation, but rather part of the solution. The Luki Biosphere Reserve is small and accessible, so it’s a good site for piloting projects that can be replicated in other protected areas in DRC.

The Bas Congo Programme has two projects:
1. PASAGAR Project, which focuses mainly on alternative activities to the exploitation of natural resources, thus contributing to greater food security;
2. Luki REDD+ Pilot project, which focuses on REDD+ readiness. 

Main threats

1. Slash-and-burn shifting cultivation

2. Poaching and bushmeat trading

3. Felling of firewood and charcoal production

4. Illegal logging

5. Destruction of mangroves


  • Contribute to an economically viable, socially acceptable and ecologically sustainable development in the Bas-Congo Province
  • Develop a sustainable development model for participatory management of natural resources and improve the living conditions of local people around Luki protected area.
  • Reduce the rate of deforestation and poaching Contribute to the development of a national REDD + strategy
  • Our activities aim to reverse the process of forest and land degradation, recover savannahs, and provide socio-economic gains and environmental benefits to local communities.


  • Providing livelihoods and developing alternative activities
  • Community organization and setting up of local development committees
  • Environmental governance and environmental education
  • Planning, zoning and managing of protected area
  • Develop monitoring and evaluation mechanism  of sustainable development