The Jengi Programme

Map of Jengi programme
© wwfccpo


The Jengi programme is located in the extreme southeast of Cameroon on the border with Central African Republic, Republic of Congo and Gabon. It is part of the Congo Basin moist evergreen forest. Covering a surface area of more than 6 million hectares, the area is rich in wildlife and other natural resources.

It comprises three national parks – Lobéké (217,854ha), Boumba-Bek (238,255ha), Nki (309,362ha) – and the Ngoyla Mintom forest block (943,000ha).

The programme includes two transboundary conservation initiatives: 
  • TRIDOM ( Tri-national Dja-Odzala-Minkebe), which groups protected areas in Cameroon, Republic of Congo and Gabon
  • Tri-National de la Sangha (TNS), which links protected areas in Cameroon (Lobeke), Central African Republic (Dzanga-Ndoki) and Republic of Congo (Nouabale Ndoki).
© Jaap van der Waarde/WWF
© Jaap van der Waarde/WWF
© naturepl/George Chan/WWF
© naturepl/George Chan/WWF


© © Martin HARVEY / WWF
BaAka subsistence hunters and gatherers in the forest. La trinationale de la Sangha (TNS) is a unique collaboration between the countries of Cameroon, Central African Republic and Republic of Congo in promoting the conservation of natural ecosystems as a strategy in sustaining the long-term development of these countries. In Central African Republic, Dzanga-Sangha Project, in the Congo Basin rain forest offers the Pygmies a chance to save a substantial amount of the natural resources on which they have always depended. Hunting is confined to a special forest reserve, where Pygmies are encouraged to use only traditional weapons. Central African Republic and Cameroon
© © Martin HARVEY / WWF
Jengi is the BaAka god of the forest. The annual Jengi ceremony, a rite of initiation which ushers young men into adulthood, is one of the most important BaAka traditions. This cultural festival takes place during the dry season, when the main activities are fishing and honey harvesting.
© WWF / David Rouge
Forest is the provider: boy of Baka tribe putting on a special banana leaf hat.
© WWF / David Rouge


  • We helped create three national parks through participatory land-use planning
  • We developed management plans for Lobeke, Boumba-Bek and Nki national parks.
  • We helped improve management plans for 23 forest management units, which are now being implemented.
  • We worked with the BaAka community to map areas in national parks, where they traditionally harvest natural resources, and to negotiate access rights. 
  • We advocated inclusion of BaAka customary rights in the management plans of national parks.
  • We helped set up two transboundary conservation initiatives, TNS and TRIDOM.
  • We established local structures to ensure transparency in the management of forest and wildlife revenues.


Nowhere else in Cameroon is the environment under so much pressure. The thousands of animals, plants and other natural resources of southeast Cameroon are mainly threatened by:

1. Conversion of forests into agricultural land
2. Poaching, facilitated by the traffic of automatic weapons such as AK47
3. Illegal wildlife trade
4. Mining in previously undisturbed forests
5. Unsustainable logging
6. Unsustainable sport hunting

Underlying factors include:
1. Lack of policy harmonisation
2. Poor law enforcement
3. Poverty